As you may or may not be aware, there are two main types of diabetes. Diabetes types 1 and 2 are different. Both diseases have a connection to sugar metabolism and should be treated as such. There are approximately five million diabetics in Spain (mostly type 2 diabetics), of whom only two are aware of their condition.
The number of children with diabetes has increased dramatically over the last three decades. Type 2 diabetes, which was once found only in the elderly or almost exclusively in them, is especially concerning in children and adolescents. This pattern is a reflection of the rise in the number of children who are obese. A small increase has been observed in the number of children with type 1 diabetes in recent years, although the reason for this change is still being investigated
We’ll go over the basics of these diseases and what you should know going into it.
What is diabetes, exactly?
In this chronic disease, the blood sugar level is abnormally high for a prolonged period of time. There are basically two kinds:
Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus is also known as type 1 diabetes. It usually happens in early adolescence or childhood (although not always).
There are increasing numbers of patients under the age of 40 who are being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, which is also known as non-insulin-dependent diabetes.
Types 2 and 3 diabetes are the most common, but there are others.
Diabetes during pregnancy
Pregnant women are at an increased risk of developing diabetes. After delivery, the disorder usually goes away on its own, but having had type 1 increases the risk of getting type 2 later on.
Type 1 diabetes is often made worse in pregnancy for women who have the disease.
Diabetic complications that develop later in life
The name for diabetes that develops as a side effect of another disease, such as pancreatic inflammation or the use of certain medications like diuretics or steroids, is called secondary diabetes (the most common cause).
Why Do Diabetics Get Type 2?
Because glucose is the chemical name for sugar, the terms blood glucose level (also known as glycemia) and blood sugar level are interchangeable. insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas, is responsible for keeping glucose levels in check.
As a result of the following events, your blood glucose level increases:
Insulin is scarcely (if at all) produced by the pancreas. Type 1 diabetes results as a result of this situation.
There is insufficient insulin produced by the pancreas to meet the body’s requirements, resulting in type 2 diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes is more common in overweight and sedentary people, and it is thought to be linked to the increasingly sedentary Western lifestyle and diet.
During pregnancy, there are numerous hormonal changes that increase the body’s need for insulin, which results in gestational diabetes.
There are many similarities between secondary diabetes and type 2 diabetes. Damage to the pancreas (such as from excessive alcohol consumption) and drugs such as steroids or diuretics, which can affect the secretion of insulin by the pancreas, are two possible causes.
Diabetic signs and symptoms include:
Glucose is a critical “fuel” for the body. Blood sugar levels rise and glucose is excreted in the urine if the body fails to produce enough insulin.
If you experience any of the following symptoms on a regular basis, make an appointment with your primary care physician and request a diabetes screening:
Loss of weight, despite an increase in hunger (especially in type 1 diabetes)
An itching sensation, particularly in the genital region
Boils or infections of the urinary tract that recur frequently on the skin.
These symptoms usually appear within a few days or weeks in people with type 1 diabetes. Type 2 symptoms may take months or even years to appear. Type 2 diabetes is frequently discovered through routine testing.
About 10% of people with type 1 diabetes have a family history of the disease, whereas 30% of people with type 2 diabetes have relatives who also have the disease.
Treatment and management of diabetes Diabetic patients frequently experience the following symptoms:
Diabetes runs in my family.
pre-existing vascular conditions, such as coronary artery disease and stroke
Fat in the blood called triglycerides causes erectile dysfunction (impotence).
A blood test is used to determine the glucose level.
A haphazard blood glucose level check
Two times at random, the level is assessed. Having a result of 11.1mmol/l (millimoles per litre) or, to put it another way, 200 mg/dl (milligrammes per deciliter) indicates a type 2 diabetes diagnosis.
Blood glucose levels after fasting for eight hours
On two separate days, the level is checked first thing in the morning. A blood sugar level greater than 7.0mmol/l, or 125mg/dl, indicates diabetes.
Diabetes management on a regular basis
Regular checkups usually include the following:
Draw blood to check the level of glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) in the body.
An analysis of the diet that was consumed
Check the pressure in the blood vessels.
Doing a quick weight check
Additional examinations (if the doctor deems it appropriate)
Control of diabetes on a yearly basis
The doctor will typically order a blood test at your yearly checkup that includes:
Hemoglobin that has been glycated (HbA1c). The ideal level varies from person to person, depending on factors such as age and any underlying medical conditions.
level of triglyceride
Sodium, potassium, and other salts are measured to determine whether or not the kidneys are working properly.